Previously, I learnt that “Ta” and “Cha nel” precede statements confirming or negating the statement. Asking questions of people is stupidly easy as it uses a single word, “vel” as a predicate. This works for both positive and negative questions.
Positive questions seem to just replace “ta” with “vel”.
|mee||I||Vel mee gynsaghey?||Am I learning?|
|oo||thou||Vel oo gynsaghey?||Are you learning?||Used when speaking to a single person for politeness|
|eh||he||Vel eh gynsaghey?||Is he learning?|
|ee||she||Vel ee gynsaghey?||Is she learning?|
|shin||we||Vel shin gynsaghey?||Are we learning?|
|shiu||you||Vel shiu gynsaghey?||Are you learning?||Used to address more than one person.|
|ad||they||Vel ad gynsaghey?||Are they learning?|
Negative questions simple add “nagh”, or sometimes “ny”. I’m sticking to “nagh” for simplicity’s sake. The forms here feel contrived, but are basically “aren’t I?”, “aren’t you?”, etc.
|nagh vel mee||Am I not?||Nagh vel mee gynsaghey?||Am I not learning?|
|nagh vel oo||Art thou not?||Nagh vel oo gynsaghey?||Aren’t you learning?||Used when speaking to a single person for politeness|
|nagh vel eh||Is he not?||Nagh vel eh gynsaghey?||Is he not learning?|
|nagh vel ee||Is she not?||Nagh vel ee gynsaghey?||Is she not learning?|
|nagh vel shin||Are we not?||Nagh vel shin gynsaghey?||Aren’t we learning?|
|nagh vel shiu||Are you not?||Nagh vel shiu gynsaghey?||Aren’t you learning?||Used to address more than one person.|
|nagh vel ad||Are they not?||Nagh vel ad gynsaghey?||Aren’t they learning?|
So to use one of those forms in an actual sentence, we could use the famous quote from the 2000 Gladiator film:
Am I not merciful?
Nagh vel mee myghin er?
Taking the meaning of “merciful” as “myghin” according to the online dictionary developed by J. F. Craine at http://www.mannin.info/Mannin/fockleyr/e2m.php.