Asking questions using present tense

Previously, I learnt that “Ta” and “Cha nel” precede statements confirming or negating the statement. Asking questions of people is stupidly easy as it uses a single word, “vel” as a predicate. This works for both positive and negative questions.

Positive questions seem to just replace “ta” with “vel”.

mee I Vel mee gynsaghey? Am I learning?
oo thou Vel oo gynsaghey? Are you learning? Used when speaking to a single person for politeness
eh he Vel eh gynsaghey? Is he learning?
ee she Vel ee gynsaghey? Is she learning?
shin we Vel shin gynsaghey? Are we learning?
shiu you Vel shiu gynsaghey? Are you learning? Used to address more than one person.
ad they Vel ad gynsaghey? Are they learning?

Negative questions simple add “nagh”, or sometimes “ny”. I’m sticking to “nagh” for simplicity’s sake. The forms here feel contrived, but are basically “aren’t I?”, “aren’t you?”, etc.

nagh vel mee Am I not? Nagh vel mee gynsaghey? Am I not learning?
nagh vel oo Art thou not? Nagh vel oo gynsaghey? Aren’t you learning? Used when speaking to a single person for politeness
nagh vel eh Is he not? Nagh vel eh gynsaghey? Is he not learning?
nagh vel ee Is she not? Nagh vel ee gynsaghey? Is she not learning?
nagh vel shin Are we not? Nagh vel shin gynsaghey? Aren’t we learning?
nagh vel shiu Are you not? Nagh vel shiu gynsaghey? Aren’t you learning? Used to address more than one person.
nagh vel ad Are they not? Nagh vel ad gynsaghey? Aren’t they learning?

So to use one of those forms in an actual sentence, we could use the famous quote from the 2000 Gladiator film:

Am I not merciful?

might be:

Nagh vel mee myghin er?

Taking the meaning of “merciful” as “myghin” according to the online dictionary developed by J. F. Craine at http://www.mannin.info/Mannin/fockleyr/e2m.php.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s